Top 50 Richest Countries In The World 2020

Richest Countries In The World

Top 50 Richest Countries In The World 2020 – New year started with most individual tagging it as their year of success but what most people fail to realize is a successful nation is a product of the people in it and vice versa, hence the reason why a country with a thriving economy is most likely to produce affluent individuals. Fingers are not equal; human beings are not the same so it is normal for countries not to be on par with themselves even if they are neighboring countries. Different countries are blessed differently, some are blessed with rich mineral resources but few human resources to harness them while some are endowed with human resources that adequately and judiciously use the few mineral resources they have and some are abundantly blessed with both the former and latter. 

Differences in this country have led to different numerous classification such as categorizing countries into:

  • A well-developed nation, industrialized country, more developed country, in other way “advance or more economically developed country” (MEDC), is a country that has all her needs without the help of ally country or developed country, country that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations. e.g. United States of America (U.S.A), France, Germany, Japan, Canada, etc.
  • The developing nation also refers to as an underdeveloped country or less developed country is a nation with and a low Human Development Index (HDI) and a less developed industrial base relative to other countries. e.g.  India, Nigeria, Cameroon, Afghanistan, Cambodia, etc.

All that has been said above and many more have inspired this article for creating a list of countries that are in the top ten richest countries all over the world but before we delve into the list, let’s take a quick look at the different criteria that can be considered in the ranking, the criteria to be used in this ranking and the merits of the rankings over the others and other conditions to be factored in for the rankings.

Top Richest Countries In The World
Top 50 Richest Countries In The World

Top 50 Richest Countries In The World 2020

S/N Country  GDP Per Capita (PPP)
1.  Qatar  130,475
 -.  Macau  116,808
 2.  Luxembourg  106,705
 3.  Singapore  100,345
 4.  Brunei  79,530
 5.  Ireland  78,785
 6.  Norway  74,356
 7.  United Arab Emirates  69,382
 8.  Kuwait  67,000
 9.  Switzerland  64,649
 -.  Hong Kong  64,216
 10.  United States  62,606
 11.  San Marino  60,313
 12.  Netherlands  56,383
 13.  Saudi Arabia  56,383
 14.  Iceland  55,917
 -.  Taiwan  53,023
 15.  Sweden  52,984
 16.  Germany  52,559
 17.  Australia  52,373
 18.  Austria  52,137
 19.  Denmark  52,121
 20.  Bahrain  50,057
 21.  Canada  49,651
 22.  Belgium  48,245
 23.  Oman  46,584
 24.  Finland  46,430
 25.  France  45,775
 26.  United Kingdom  45,705
 27.  Malta  45,606
 28.  Japan  44,227
 29.  South Korea  41,351
 30.  Spain  40,139
 31.  New Zealand  40,135
 32.  Cyprus  39,973
 -.  Puerto Rico  39,737
 33.  Italy  39,637
 34.  Israel  37,972
 35.  Czech Republic  37,371
 36.  Slovenia  36,746
 37.  Slovakia  35,130
 38.  Lithuania  34,826
 39.  Estonia  34,96
 40.  The Bahamas  33,494
 41.  Trinidad and Tobago  32,254
 42.  Portugal  32,006
 43.  Poland  31,939
 44.  Hungary  31,903
 45.  Malaysia  30,860
 46.  Seychelles  30,505
 47.  Latvia  29,901
 48.  Saint Kitts and Nevis  29,820
 49.  Russia  29,267
 50.  Greece  29,123

Without further ado, the following is the list of the top ten richest countries in the world based on the gross domestic product (G.D.P) as released by International Monetary Fund (I.M.F)


  1. QATAR

Holding on very comfortably to the number one spot is Qatar, so many things can be said of this wonderful nation but starting with the subject of discussion, it is undoubtedly the richest in terms of both parameters mentioned earlier (GDP and total wealth). With a population of just under three million, the country’s per capita income is a whopping $130,475.

Richest Countries In The World

Not only are they the number one on the world richest list, but they have also held on strongly to the position for quite some time now and it doesn’t look like they will relinquish top position soon.

Most (about 70%) of their revenues are generated from the oil exploration and petroleum sector and they generate a further 80% revenue on oil and petroleum.


A small European country that shares a border with France, Belgium, and Germany. It has a population of about six hundred and fifty thousand people but that doesn’t stop it from breaking into and sitting comfortably at number two spot of the richest countries not just in Europe but all over the world with a per capita income of about $116,808.

Luxembourg flag
Luxembourg flag

Banking, steel, and industrial sectors are the dominant forces in the economy of the country. Unlike most of the names on this list, Luxembourg has a highly diversified economy and oil is not even present in commercial quantities in the country. Exports contribute massively to their economy with their primary market being neighboring countries like Belgium, France, and even Germany.


Coming third on our ranking of the richest countries in the world, Singapore, has been found to also have one of the most open economy, ranked at a time to be the 7th least corrupt economy and tax rate is very low, makes one wonders what they could depend on to have an economy which is better than the likes of Saudi, UAE and even the mighty United States of America. It has a per capita income of $100,345.

Top 50 Richest Countries In The World

Singapore generates most of its revenue from the export they make from the vast industry such as electronics, chemicals, oil drilling equipment, food and beverages, rubber and many more. With a population of about 6.5 million people, the industries shouldn’t be lacking in human resources to improve the economy further maybe to the point where it becomes number one.


Population definitely plays an important role in wealth. Brunei, a very tiny nation with a population slightly under six hundred thousand must have a significant part of its population contributing to a major achievement such as finding itself on the map of the richest countries and it has consistently been ever-present in recent years. It’s known for its beaches and biodiverse rainforest.

Top 10 Richest Countries In The World
Brunei – Top 10 Richest Countries In The World

Crude oil and natural gas account for roughly 65% of GDP with Japan being the primary export market with 95%. The government has been putting in measures for the diversification of the economy after the consistent drop in oil prices witnessed throughout 2017.

Brunei per capita income stands at $79,530 which qualifies it for the fourth richest country.


Ireland is a European country with a population of about 6.5 million people, known for its cultural diversity. It is the fifth wealthiest nation in the world with a per capita income of $78,785.

World's Richest Countries

Majority of its GDP is accounted for by trading of various products and services of various industries of its economy such as the pharmaceutical, chemicals, computer hardware, food products, and medical devices. Its main export partners are the USA, UK, and neighboring European nations.


Coming in sixth on the list of the top 10 richest countries in the world, A Scandinavian country, with a population of just over 5 million people, mostly in known for its mountains, glaciers and deep coastal fjords is not just a financially buoyant country but the impact of the finance reflects of the individual. It consists of very lovely people. It is ranked to be one of the most peaceful countries in the world with a very low crime rate. Like most of the countries on this ranking, oil and gas production accounts for 20% of its economy. Other important sectors include hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals. State revenues generated from petroleum are usually saved in the world’s largest sovereign wealth fund. It’s per capita income stands at $74,365.


The United Arab Emirates consists of Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Shariah, Al-Ain, Aman, Ras al Khaimah, Fujairah, and umm-al Quwain. Dubai is the most populous of all the listed cities. This is what is called conglomerate of wealth. This country is an example of how proper planning yields an awesome result. Years of careful planning brings a seemingly unknown state to being one of the largest economies in the Arabian Peninsula. With a population of about 11 million, it’s per capita income stands at an awesome figure of $69,382.

The UAE’s oil and natural gas reserves are the seventh and seventeenth largest in the world respectively. The paramount leader “Sheikh Zayed”, leader of “Abu Dhabi” and also double to be the first President of the United Arab Emirates, who pilot the economic development of the Emirates and drive crude oil incomes into education, infrastructure, and healthcare. The UAE’s economy is the most diversified in the Gulf Cooperation Council. The diversification has caused less reliance on oil and gas as compared to previous years. Recently, tourism and business have also been a major component of their economy.


One of the most beautiful European countries also happens to be on our list of the richest countries. Its beauty is actually a major part of its economy as it has numerous places such as beautiful lakes, villages and the high Peak of Alps that people from all over the world want to see which serves as tourist centers. It occupies the eighth position on this list as the per capita income of the country with a population of about 10 million people is about $64,649.

Switzerland most important sector is the manufacturing of chemicals, health and pharmaceutical goods, scientific and precision measuring instruments. They are also known for their banking, insurance and international organizations e.g. Federation of International Football Association (FIFA) in addition to tourism all of these adds to the richness of this wonderful nation.


The United States of America ticks all the following boxes: Politically powerful, technological advancement, top-notch human resources, natural resources, it would be unthinkable to have a list of nations doing well educationally, socially, politically and even economically without the USA. Unlike most other lists, USA would have been number one but it found itself occupying the ninth position on the list of the richest countries in the World, which is partly due to its magnificent population of 325 million people. The per capita income of the country is $62,606 which makes the GDP stands at $19.36 trillion.

The USA doesn’t like being second place in which can be seen how they even managed to be here in the first place. Its economy is being moved by abundant natural resources, developed infrastructure, and high productivity. It has been the largest economy in the world since the 80s, The U.S. is the world’s third-largest producer of oil and natural gas. In 2016, it was the largest trading nation in the world as well as the world’s second-largest manufacturer, representing a fifth of the global manufacturing output. All of these and they still couldn’t be number one, the countries above them must have done a wonderful job with their economy.


The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is definitely one of the richest countries in the world but if this ranking were done sometimes last year, Saudi Arabia wouldn’t have been in it because the main product of its economy is its oil and the persistent drop in the price of oil took them out of the top ten richest countries at one point. I.M.F has also forecasted a 2.7% increase in the country’s GDP with the recent rise in oil price. The per capita income of this country is $ 56,383 with a population of about 32 million people.

In addition to revenues generated on oil, tourism is also a major part of its economy as it serves as the origin of one of the major world religion (Islam) and contains two of the most sacred mosque of the religion which is Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, destination of the annual Hajj pilgrimage, and Medina’s Masjid an-Nabawi, burial site of the prophet Muhammad. Riyadh, the capital, is a skyscraper-filled metropolis.


As would be seen in the ranking below, it can be deduced that countries which are flourishing are due to a combination of economic factors, including trading in natural reserves, gas, oil or petroleum, finished industrial products, developed tourism and sophisticated and lucrative banking sectors, generating heavy revenues in the process. These countries are the world’s richest countries in 2019 so far.


Economists all over the world are a very clever bunch, they study human behavior up till the point where a very important part of human life is how he accumulates, sustains wealth and even how he spent it judiciously. They come up with different terminologies in which wealth can be measured which include the traditional gross domestic product (G.D.P) and the total individual wealth. The two parameters have their strengths and also weaknesses.

GDP is the total monetary value of everything produced by all the people and companies in the country. It does not matter whether they are citizens or foreign-owned companies. As far as any production process is done within the country’s boundaries, the government regards such production as GDP.

Total individual wealth refers to the private wealth (assets fewer liabilities) held by all the individuals living in each nation. The type of  “wealth” is demonstrated in three kinds of asset: physical or “manufactured”); human capital (the population’s education and skills); natural capital (including land, forests, fossil fuels, and minerals), and capital (machinery, buildings, infrastructure and so on.


Countries included in the ranking below are just sovereign states and not dependency state (the reason why Macau didn’t make the list)


The economy of countries is usually monitored using the gross domestic product (G.D.P). It is worth mentioning it has its weaknesses and as being criticized in some quarters recently by a modern economist but its advantages far outweigh the few criticisms it has faced and it still stands as the most widely used means by which countries measure their growth and development. This may sound very petty but almost all of the traditional economist agreed upon its usefulness, they couldn’t be all wrong. Simplifying things, a little bit further, it is a better statistic for the sake of our comparison which involves ranking the richest countries and not the distribution of wealthy citizens in a country because it at least portrays how wealth is distributed in a country in the sense that the total monetary value of production processes is divided by the total population unlike total wealth. The G.D.P is also an average quantity which is usually preferable than individual quantities. For instance, two Footballers A and B can be judged on the amount of goal scored, say both players scored 5 goals in 7 and 3 matches respectively. Individually it looked as though they have achieved a similar feat but when both goals are averaged with the number of games played it will be seen that player B has definitely achieved something more remarkable than A.

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